According to the latest data from National Semiconductor Lighting Engineering R&D and Industry Alliance CSA, in 2013, the overall scale of China's semiconductor lighting industry reached 257.6 billion yuan, an increase of 34% from 2012's 19.20 billion yuan. It will become a faster development of domestic semiconductor lighting industry after 2010. Year. The alliance expects that the domestic semiconductor lighting industry will continue to maintain rapid growth in 2014, with an expected growth rate of around 40.
The overall scale of the industrial chain has risen in 2013. It is the tenth anniversary of the launch of China's national semiconductor lighting project. In the past 10 years, China's semiconductor lighting industry has become one of the fastest-growing regions in the transformation and upgrading of the global lighting industry, and has developed from a big to strong.
The launch of LED general lighting market at home and abroad is undoubtedly the most direct driving force for the development of LED lighting industry in 2013. The breakthrough of technology pushes the cost continuously, the LED lighting market accelerates penetration, the LED backlight market grows steadily, and innovative applications emerge one after another. Wu Ling, secretary-general of the National Semiconductor Lighting Engineering R&D and Industry Alliance, said that in 2013, China's semiconductor lighting industry's growth rate of upstream epitaxial chips, midstream packaging or downstream applications was significantly higher than that of 2012, and exports increased substantially. At the same time, competition intensified in 2013. In the year, the industrial integration continued to deepen, and the adjustment of the industry pattern was in parallel with the price of products that were falling all the way. The company increased its capital and expanded production and ceased production.
According to the latest research data of CSA Industry Research Department, the output value of upstream epitaxial chips in China's semiconductor lighting industry reached 10.5 billion yuan in 2013, an increase of 31.5. However, with the investment of MOCVD in 2010-2011 (the equipment necessary for LED epitaxial wafer production) The production capacity continued to be released, and the output growth rate reached 61, far greater than the increase in output value.
In the field of midstream packaging, China's LED packaging manufacturers rose in 2013, the LED packaging industry scale reached 40.3 billion yuan, an increase of 32 billion yuan in 2012. In addition to the growth in output value production, packaging technology showed mature technology and steady development. The situation in which emerging technologies are blooming. Processes and technologies such as COB packaging, eutectic EMC packaging, and gold-free wire packaging have rapidly developed, and have become a breakthrough in continuing to reduce costs and improve reliability. In addition, in terms of product specifications, due to the application demand orientation, packaging companies have increased the proportion of medium-power devices from the previous trend toward high power.
In the downstream application field, the overall scale of China's semiconductor lighting applications reached 206.8 billion yuan. Although it is also affected by the continuous price reduction, it is still the fastest growing segment of the semiconductor lighting industry chain, with an overall growth rate of 36. The general lighting market is In 2013, it started rapidly, with a growth rate of 65 and an output value of 69.6 billion yuan. The share of the application market also increased from 28 in 2012 to 34 in 2013.
In addition, the application of LED lighting in the emerging lighting fields such as automotive, medical, and agricultural is also growing significantly. Driven by these applications, emerging applications such as general lighting, backlighting, landscape lighting, displays, and signal indications have grown by more than 25.
Semiconductor lighting export data is also very beautiful. According to data from the CSA Industry Research Department, in 2013, the export volume of LED lighting fixtures in China doubled from 2012 to 410 million, and the export volume accounted for 50% of the total output; the export value also increased by 71 from 2012 to reach 5.5 billion. Among them, the number of bulbs exported accounted for nearly 48, and the proportion of spotlights exceeded 15.
Intensified competition requires enterprise innovation to break through. Xiao Guowei, chairman of Guangzhou Jingke Electronics, once sighed: The most widely heard sentence is that there is no minimum price and only a lower price.
Xiao Guoweiâ€™s words reflected the fierce competition in the semiconductor lighting industry in China. According to the latest survey conducted by CSA Industry Research Department, the increase in revenue will not plague LED enterprises. In the first three quarters of 2013, LED listed companies realized a total profit of 2.033 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 0.72, and cumulative profits for 6 consecutive quarters of negative growth. Interest rates have continued to decline since 2012. The net profit margin for the first three quarters of 2013 was 12.5, down 2.3 percentage points year-on-year, which shows that its profit margin continues to shrink.
Driven by fierce competition from technology and manufacturers, the price of LED lighting products continued to decline in 2013. According to the price trend of LED bulbs collected by CSA from Taobao and other network terminals, the average unit power price of LED bulbs has dropped from 8.73 yuan/W to 5.78 yuan/W in the past 7 months, a decrease of 38.4.
However, another set of data also shows that in 2013, China's LED lighting products output exceeded 810 million, domestic sales of about 400 million, LED lamps domestic market penetration rate reached 8.9, up nearly 5 percentage points over the previous year's 3.3, Especially in the field of commercial lighting, the growth is more obvious. According to incomplete statistics, the penetration rate of LED lamps in commercial lighting has exceeded 12.
Despite the fierce market competition, there is still much room for innovation in semiconductor lighting in the future. According to Qi Jun, deputy secretary-general of the National Semiconductor Lighting Engineering R&D and Industry Alliance, in 2013, the gap between the key technologies of China's semiconductor lighting industry and the international level was further narrowed. The power efficiency of power-type white LEDs reached 140lm/W (120lm in 2012). W or so); the power-based silicon-based LED chip with independent intellectual property rights has an industrialized light efficiency of 130 lm/W; domestically produced 48-56 production MOVCD devices have been put into production trial; China has become an important global LED packaging and application product. Production and export base. In addition, the localization rate of China's chips reached 75 in 2013, and it has a strong competitive advantage in small and medium power applications.
In the view of Qi Jun, semiconductor lighting technology is still in the stage of rapid development, which leaves unlimited opportunities for innovation breakthrough. In the future, the technical route of LED lighting products above 200lm/W will still be determined; new technologies such as glass substrate LED epitaxial technology, package-free white light chip technology and soft board packaging technology (COF) are emerging; LED lighting products are still uncertain. Type, LED lighting product specification interface, acceleration test and other technologies are developing; semiconductor lighting technology as the first breakthrough of the third generation of semiconductor materials, will also drive the third generation of semiconductor materials in the field of energy saving, information technology and defense development of.
The explosive growth will be followed by the rapid growth of China's semiconductor lighting industry in 2013 and the strong support of relevant policies. Some LED superior enterprises with certain financial strength, technology research and development capabilities, channel advantages and brand awareness have begun to seek partners and look forward to learning from each other. We will work together to build a leading company in the semiconductor lighting industry in China and the world, and occupy a place in the global semiconductor lighting market.
Wu Ling introduced that in the past year, the integration of semiconductor lighting industry involves the upper, middle and lower reaches, the three sides of the strait, and the superior resources gathered in the industry giants to quickly break through the technology and patent barriers through acquisitions, strategic alliances and mutual shareholdings to achieve industrial breakthroughs. The alliance between Sanan Optoelectronics and Taiwan's Yuyuan was finalized in June 2013; Sanan Optoelectronics acquired US Luminus Devices, Inc. through a wholly-owned subsidiary for US$22 million, and obtained 151 patents owned by the world. Sanan Optoelectronics' global layout is becoming more and more complete.
The collapse of enterprises in the semiconductor lighting market since 2012 is the result of the survival of the fittest in the market. Qi Jun believes that from the overall development of the semiconductor lighting industry, whether the superior enterprises can timely integrate capital, technology and channel advantages, seize market opportunities, quickly carry out market layout and become bigger and stronger, is it possible to stand out in the next three years. The key factor of global competition, and vice versa, will be eliminated by the market.
However, there is still good news in the investment field. According to CSA Industry Research, in 2013, China's semiconductor lighting industry has filed a total investment of 20.82 billion yuan, an increase of 15.9 percent from the previous year's 17.96 billion yuan. From the perspective of regional investment distribution, Jiangsu's LED investment ranks first, with investment accounting for The ratio is more than 30; Anhui, Hubei, and Sichuan are close behind, accounting for about 14.8, 14.5, and 13.5 respectively.
CSA Industry Research professionals expect that in 2014, China's semiconductor lighting industry will continue to maintain rapid growth, with an expected growth rate of around 40. With the full launch of the application market, the production capacity accumulated in recent years has gradually been released. In 2014, the output and output value of epitaxial chips will increase significantly, and the growth rate of output value is expected to reach about 35. The competition in the packaging industry is more intense. It is expected that the growth rate will be around 20, and more new packaging technologies and processes will compete. The evolution of LED packaging technology will focus on the theme of decreasing end-use costs. In the application process, with the advantage of China manufacturing, the growth rate of output value in 2014 will exceed 50.
In terms of lighting applications, with the further implementation of the plan to eliminate incandescent lamps in various countries in 2014, LED lighting will achieve explosive growth, and the penetration of China's LED lighting application market will also accelerate. It is expected that the overall penetration rate of LED lamps is expected to reach 20. Wu Ling There is high hope for the LED lighting industry in the new year. (Reporter Guo Tao reports)
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